LOCAL CONTEXT AND ISSUES:
The Nature Reserve of Community Interest of Somone (RNICS) is a RAMSAR site that was created in 1999 on the initiative of local women to combat the deforestation of the mangrove. Located 65 km south of Dakar, this iconic 700-hectare site is managed by local communities through a special committee.
Following twenty years of operation, the RNICS has successfully implemented its reforestation policy to preserve the estuary’s ecosystem and biodiversity. The good status of the lagoon also benefits local business activities, in particular tourism and fishing.
However, the lagoon is currently threatened by silt deposits due to a decrease in flushing sediments resulting from the transformations of the basin and the development of tourism on the coastline. To combat climate change, a dredging project is under study. A broader, basin-scale approach is nevertheless necessary to re-establish the hydro-sedimentary balance in the lagoon, in particular upstream inflows.
The project’s overall objective is to contribute to the preservation of the Somone Lagoon and its ecological quality by maintaining its hydro-sedimentary dynamics and putting in place nature-based solutions. The two specific targets are:
- Retrieve sedimentary flushing and freshwater inflows by restoring the river that feeds into the lagoon.
- Improve the lagoon’s resilience to climate change by building knowledge and identifying adaptation measures.
SDGs TARGETED BY THE PROJECT:
CHALLENGES FACING THE PROJECT:
Lagoon – Climate change – Sediment flushing – Salinity – Mangrove – Local communities
Coastline – Biodiversity – Rainwater management – User resilience – Wetlands
- Reprofiling of the Somone River to ensure sufficient freshwater inflows, limit lagoon salinity and control the build-up of silt threatening the mangrove’s regeneration
- Re-vegetate the tannes upstream in the lagoon to anticipate the impacts of climate change and rising sea levels
Modernisation and reinforcement of governance
- Upstream-downstream dialogue for sharing water resources
Management Committee of the Nature Reserve of Community Interest of Somone (RNICS), bordering municipalities, users of the lagoon
Nature Reserve of Community Interest of Somone (RNICS), International Office for Water
Coastal Management Department (Directorate for the Environment and Conservation Areas, Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development)
Directorate for Management and Planning of Water Resources (Ministry of Water and Sanitation), Water and Coastal Institute (Amadou Mahtar Mbow University), Seine-Normandy Water Agency
Funder of the incubation process:
Seine-Normandy Water Agency
ESTIMATED COST OF PROJECTS IDENTIFIED FOR INCUBATION
>100,000 to 1 million EUR
SHORT-TERM ACTION (3 YEARS):
- Production and sharing of a diagnosis with the Management Committee of the Nature Reserve of Community Interest of Somone
- Dialogue with the operator and technical partners on the proposed solutions and action plan, and definition of an action plan
- Mobilisation of international experts and an intern on location
- Reprofiling of the water course
- Study of re-vegetation of tannes
- Training as part of the high labour-intensive infrastructure programme
LONG-TERM ACTION (10 YEARS):
- Reinforcement of the reserve’s governance
- Maintenance of the Somone River
- Implementation of additional adaptation measures
Somone Lagoon © Teranga Association